Indic Studies Foundation  
       
    (a California non-Profit Organization)  
       
       
       
       
    www.indicethos.org www.indicstudies.us  
       
    Glossary  
       
Alphabet Word or phrase Meaning  
       
       
A      
  Agama Ancient Sanskrit religious text  
  Artha Wealth, one of the goals of life prescribed by the Vedics in the Brahma Vidya  
  Aryan A term connoting the fictitious Aryan race, see also Vedics  
  Aryan Race A fictitious classification without any scientific basis used by the Europeans to distinguish themselves from the semitic speaking people of the world  
B      
C Caste derived from Portuguese Casta  
D Dasa    
  Dharma    
  Dravidian languages    
E      
F      
G Gotra A term applied to a clan, a group of families, or a lineage - exogamous and  
    patrilineal - whose members trace their descent to a common ancestor, usually a  
    sage of ancient times.  
H Hinduism Also known as Sanaatana Dharma, the eternal faith; there are roughly 850 million Hindus in the world as of 2006 (see Dharma)  
I Indo-Aryan languages A family of languages spoken over a large area of the Eurasian land mass;see Indo-European Languages  
  Indo-European languages A family of languages spoken over a vast geographical area from India to most parts of Europe.  
  Indo-Iranian languages the Indo Iranian branch of the Indo Europrean language family , spoken in central asia,iran and the Indian subcontinent  
  Indology Indology is a name given by Indologists to the academic study of the history, languages, and cultures of the Indian subcontinent.  
    strictly speaking it encompasses the study of the languages, scripts of all of Asia that was influenced by  Indic culture  
       
  Indus script    
       
       
  Indus Valley Civilization aka Saraswathi Sindhu Civilization, the civilization that endured for several millennia in the Saraswathi and Sindhu (Indus) river valleys  
    the people who inhabited these valleys also known as the Vedic Harappans by Bhagwan Singh. Most of the recent excavations indicate a heavy preponderance of settlements on the banks of the dried up Saraswathi river.Mohenjo Daro and Harappa represent a late phase of the civilization.  
  Iranian peoples    
J      
K Kurgan    
  Kushan Empire    
L      
M Mitanni    
N      
O      
P Pancha sanskrit term for five e.g Panchabana,panchatantra  
  Place Value System the most common sanskrit word for this is sthana which literally means place  
  Purana literally means the ancients.Traditional sanskrit texts dealing with diverse topics such as the creation of the world ,legends, genealogy of sovereigns,  
  Proto-Indo-European    
Q      
R Rig Veda   The earliest and the most prominent of the Vedas, the compositions of the Ancient Indics who we will refer to also as the Vedics,held to be sacred and termed Sruti by many Hindus  
  Roma_people    
S Sanskrit    
T Tocharians    
U Urheimat    
V Vedic civilization    
  Vedics or the Vedic people the people who composed the Vedas and the vast panoply of subsequent literature and scientific work that spewed forth for several millennia  
    thechief characteristic was their oral tradition  
  Vedic Sarasvati River    
X      
Y Yuezhi    
Z