Indic Studies Foundation

(a California non-Profit Organization)www.indicethos.org www.indicstudies.us

www.vepa.us  kaushal's blog

index  Disclaimer

 

 

 

 

 

Home about us The Story of the Calendar AIT The Andhra  Satavahana Kingdoms Arrians Hiistory of Alexander Henry Rooke Aryabhata I Archaeology Aryan Migration Theories Astronomy Baudhika Dharma Bhartrihari Biographies  (mathematical sciences) Bhagavad Gita Bibliography California Text Book Travesty Caste Contact Core Values The Dhaarmic traditions Dholavira Digital Library of Indian History Books Distortions in Indian History Economics Editorial Archives Eminent Scientists Famine in British Colonial  India The ethics of the Hindu Glossary The Great Bharata war HEC2007 Hinduism/faqdharma.html HinduWeddings History The Indic Mathematical Tradition Indic Philosophy & Darshanas Indcstrat Kalidasa Katyayana Mathematics News and Current Events Panini References on India (library of Congress) References on Indic History References on Philosophy References for Place value systems References on Vedic Mathematical Sciences Sanskrit The Sanatana Dharna Secularism and the Hindu The South Asia File Srinivasa Ramanujan Vedic Mathematicians I Vedic Mathematicians II Vedic Mathematicians III What's in a name VP Sarathi Ancient Indian Astronomy
 

 

 

 

 

Frontpage Template Resources

Who are We?

What do we do?

Latest News

Free Resources

Links

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Professional brochureprinter

 

 

The role of women in Vedic society

Compiled by Ishwa



A great homage to women in Vedic society can be observed through their immortalized, learned sons in a long line of 42+ named Vedic teachers of the Shukla Yajurveda school. They were remembered solely through their maternal names! This is very remarkable for a society which seems to be  patriarchal. The teachers were males, but perhaps
it is also an indication that their initial teachers were their mothers. The preference over the names of their fathers indicates the important position of women as mothers in edic society. At least their mothers were considered that valuable that they were mentioned in their names. (Another parallel list gives teachers with their respective paternal  names, synchronizing with 49th ShaaNDilya and 48th Vaastya of the list with metronymics).

The list with metronymics gives an important name: Tura Kaavasheya (also a metronymic!). His name and position provides a relative sheet anchor for a phase in the Vedic period: he is at the end of the Rigvedic period when the hymns were collected in a 10 Mandala collection. The Shatapatha BraahmaNa  gives a long list of some 52 generations of  teachers, of which some 42 are remembered through the name of their
mothers. This list acts like a bridge between the end of the Rigvedic time and the Shatapatha BraahmaNa time. The BrhadaaraNyaka UpaniShad  as fluent continuation of the ShB material is the next bridge between the Shatapatha BraahmaNa to the time close to the end of the (older) Upanishad period. This last list appears to have some 18 new names, which may be the generations of the 2nd bridge.




 

Shatapatha BraahmaNa
ShB 10.6.5.9
Štha vamshŠh- samaanamaa saŠnjiiviipķtraatsaŠnjiiviipķtro
maŠNDuukaayanermaŠNDuukaayanirmaŠNDavyaanmaŠNDavyah-
kaķtsaatkaķtso maŠhitthermaŠhitthirvaamakakShaayaNaŠdvaamakakShaayaNo
vaŠtsyaadvaŠtsyah shaŠNDilyaachaŠNDilyah kķshreh kķshriryajnŠvacaso
raajastambaŠyanaadyajnŠvacaa
raajastambaŠyanasturaatkaŠvash.eyaatturah kaŠvaSheyah prajaŠpateh
prajaŠpatirbrŠhmaNo brŠhma svayŠmbhu brŠhmaNe nŠmah

ShB 14.9.4.30
Štha vaMshŠh- tŠdidŠM vayam bhaŠradvaajiipķtraadbhaŠradvaajiipķtro
vaŠtsiimaaNDaviipķtraadvaŠtsiimaaNDaviipķtrah
paŠraashariipķtraatpaŠraashariipķtro gaŠrgiipķtraadgaŠrgiipķtrah-
paŠraashariikauNDiniipķtraatpaŠraashariikauNDiniipķtro
gaŠrgiipķtraadgaŠrgiipķtro gaŠrgiipķtraadgaŠrgiipķtro
baŠDeyiipķtraadbaŠDeyiipķtro maķShikiipķtraanmaķShikiipķtro
haŠrikarNiipķtraaddhaŠrikarNiipķtro bhaŠradvaajiipķtraad-
bhaŠradvaajiipķtrah paŪngiipķtraatpaŪngiipķtrah
shaķnakiipķtraachaķnakiipķtrah-

14.9.4.31
kaŠshyapiibaalaakyaamaaThariipķtraatkaŠshyapiibaalaakyaamaaThariipķtra
h
kaķtsiipķtraatkaķtsiipķtro baķdhiipķtraadbaķdhiipķtro
shaŠlankaayaniipķtraachaŠlankaayaniipķtro vaŠrShagaNiipķtraad-
vaarShagaNiipķtro gaķtamiipķtraadgaķtamiipķtra aŠtreyiipķtraad-
aŠtreyiipķtro gaķtamiipķtraadgaķtamiipķtro vaŠtsiipķtraadvaŠtsiipķtro
bhaŠradvaajiipķtraadbhaŠradvaajiipķtrah paŠraashariipķtraat-
paŠraashariipķtro vaŠrkaaruNiipķtraadvaŠrkaaruNiipķtra
aŠrtabhaagiipķtraadaŠrtabhaagiipķtrah shaķngiipķtraachaķngiipķtrah
saŠMkRtiipķtraatsaŠMkRtiipķtrah

14.9.4.32
aŠlambiipķtraat aŠlambiipķtra aŠlambaayaniipķtraadaŠlambaayaniiputro
jaŠyantiipķtraajjaŠyantiipķtro
maŠNDUkaayaniipķtraanmaŠNDUkaayaniipķtro
maŠNDUkiipķtraanmaŠNDUkiipķtrah shaŠNDiliipķtraachaŠNDiliipķtro
raŠthiitariipķtraadraŠthiitariipķtrah kraķncikiipķtraabhyaaM
kraķncikiipķtrau vaŪdabhRtiipķtraadvaŪdabhRtiipķtro
bhaŠlukiipķtraadbhaŠlukiipķtrah
praŠciinayogiipķtraatpraŠciinayogiipķtrah
saŠMjiiviipķtraatsaŠMjiiviipķtrah
kaŠrshakeyiipķtraatkaŠrshakeyiipķtrah

14.9.4.33
praŠshniipķtraat aŠsurivaŠsinah- praashniiputrŠ
aasuraayaNaŠdaasuraayaNŠ aasurťraasurŪryaajnavalkyaŠdyaajnavalkyŠ
uddaŠlakaaduddaŠlaků'ruNaadŠruNa ķpavesherķpaveshih kķshreh
kķshrirvaajashrŠvaso vaajashrŠvaa jihvaŠvato baŠdhyogaajjihvaayaa
baŠdhyogů'sitaadvaŠrShagaNaadŠsito vaŠrShagaNo
hŠritaatkŠshyapaaddhŠritah kŠshyapah shŪlpaatkŠshyapaachŪlpah
kŠshyapah kŠshyapaannaŪdhruveh kŠshyapo naŪdhruvirvaŠco vaŠgambhŪNyaa
ambhŪNyaadityaŠdaadityaŠniimaŠni shuklaŠni yŠjUMSi vaajasaneyťna
yaajnavalkyenaŠkhyaayante

Shatapatha Brahmana list


53. Harita K‚shyapa             53. Praj‚pati,
52. Asita V‚rshagana            52. Tura K‚vasheya from
51. Jihv‚vat V‚dhyoga from,             51. Yajnavacas from Tura K
50. V‚jashravas from Jihv‚vat V‚dhyoga, 50. Kushri from Yajnavacas
49. Kushri from V‚jashravas,            49. Sh‚ndilya from Kushri,
48. Upaveshi from Kushri,               48. V‚tsya from Sh‚ndilya
47. Aruna from Upaveshi,                47. from V‚tsya
46. Udd‚laka from Aruna,                46. from V‚makaksh‚yana,
45. Y‚jnavalkya from Udd‚laka,          45. Kautsa from M‚hitthi,
44. ¬suri from Y‚jnavalkya,             44. M‚ndavya from Kautsa,
43. ¬sur‚yana from ¬suri,               43. M‚nduk‚yani from M‚ndavya,
42. Pr‚shnÓputra from ¬sur‚yana,        42. Pr‚shnÓputra from M‚nduk.,
41. S‚njÓvÓputra fromPr‚shnÓputra ¬suriv‚sin,
40. Pr‚cÓnayogÓputra from S‚njÓvÓputra
39. K‚rshakeyÓputra from Pr‚cÓnayogÓputra,      [K‚rsakeyÓputra, M.]
38. VaittabhatÓputra from K‚rshakeyÓputra,      [Bh‚lukÓputra, M.]
37. KrauncikÓputrau from VaittabhatÓputra,      [VaidabhritÓputra, M.]
36. Bh‚lukÓputra from KrauncikÓputrau,
35. R‚thÓtarÓputra from Bh‚lukÓputra,
34. Sh‚ndilÓputra from R‚thÓtarÓputra,
33. M‚ndukÓputra from Sh‚ndilÓputra,
32. M‚nduk‚yanÓputra from M‚ndukÓputra,
31. JayantÓputra from M‚nduk‚yanÓputra,
30. ¬lambÓputra from JayantÓputra,
29. ¬lamb‚yanÓputra from ¬lambÓputra,
28. S‚nkrtÓputra from ¬lamb‚yanÓputra,
27. ShaungÓputra from S‚nkrtÓputra,
26. ¬rtabhagÓputra from ShaungÓputra,
25. V‚rk‚runÓputra from ¬rtabhagÓputra,
24. P‚rasharÓputra from V‚rk‚runÓputra (I),
23. Bh‚radv‚jÓputra from P‚rasharÓputra,
22. V‚tsÓputra from Bh‚radv‚jÓputra,
21. GautamÓputra from V‚tsÓputra,
20. ¬treyÓputra from GautamÓputra,
19. GautamÓputra from ¬treyÓputra,
18. ¬treyÓputra from GautamÓputra,
17. GautamÓputra from ¬treyÓputra,
16. V‚rshaganÓputra from GautamÓputra,
15. Sh‚lank‚yanÓputra from V‚rshaganÓputra,
14. K.B.M‚tharÓputra from Sh‚lank‚yanÓputra,
13. ShaunakÓputra from K.B.M‚tharÓputra,
12. PaingÓputra from ShaunakÓputra,
11. Bh‚radv‚jÓputra from PaingÓputra,
10. H‚rikarnÓputra from Bh‚radv‚jÓputra,
09. MaushikÓputra from H‚rikarnÓputra,
08. B‚deyÓputra from MaushikÓputra,
07. G‚rgÓputra from B‚deyÓputra,
06. G‚rgÓputra from G‚rgÓputra,
05. P‚r‚sharÓ KundinÓputra from G‚rgÓputra,
04. G‚rgÓputra from P‚r‚sharÓ KundinÓputra,
03. P‚r‚sharÓputra from G‚rgÓputra,
02. V‚tsÓ M‚ndavÓputra from P‚r‚sharÓputra,
01. Bh‚radv‚jÓputra from V‚tsÓ M‚ndavÓputra,
00. VAYAM or last ShB teachers

A rough estimate of 42 x 20-30 years of teachers with metronymics covers a period of 840-1260 years totally from Pr‚shnÓputra upto the Shatapatha BraahmaNa period. From Tura KaavaSheya upto the Shatapatha BraahmaNa period we have roughly 52 x 20-30 years of teachers with metronymics covers a period of 1040-1560 years.


BrhadaaraNyaka UpaniShad
VI.5.1: Now the line of teachers: The son of PautimaShii (received it) from the son of Kaatyaayanii. He from the son of Gautamii. The son of Gautamii from the son of Bhaaradvaajii. He from the son of Paaraasharii. The son of Paaraasharii from the son of Aupasvastii. He from the son of another Paaraashari. He from the son of Kaatyaayanii.
The son of Kaatyaayanii from the son of Kaushikii. The son of Kaushikii from the son of Aalambii and the son of Vaiyaaghrapadii. The son of Vaiyaaghrapadii from the son of KaaNvii and the son of Kaapii. The son of Kapii –  VI-v-2: From the son of Aatreyii. The son of Aatreyii from the son of Gautamii. The son of Gautamii from the son of Bhaaradvaajii. He from the son of Paaraasharii. The son of Paaraasharii from the son of
Vaatsii. The son of Vaatsii from the son of another Paaraasharii. The  son of Paaraashari from the son of VaarkaaruNii. He from the son of another Vaarkaarunii. This one from the son of Aartabhaagii. He from the son of Shaungii. The son of Shaungii from the son of Saamkrtii. He from the son of Aalambaayanii. He again from the son of Aalambii.
The son of Aalambii from the son of Jaayantii. He from the son of MaaNDuukaayanii. He in his turn from the son of MaaNDuukii. The son of MaaNDuukii from the son of ShaNDili. The son of ShaaNDili from the son of Raathitarii. He from the son of Bhaalukii. The son of Bhaalukii from the two sons of Krauncikii. They from the son of
Vaidabhrtii. He from the son of KaarShakeyii. He again from the son of Praacinayogii. He from the son of Saamjiivii. The son of Saamjiivii from Aasurivaasin, the son of Praashnii. The son of  Praashnii from Aasuraayana. He from Aasuri. Aasuri –
VI-v-3: From Yaajnavalkya. Yaajnavalkya from Uddaalaka. Uddaalaka from Aruna. Aruna from Upaveshi. Upaveshi from Kushri. Kushri from Vaajashravas. He from Jiihvaavat, the son of BaaDhyoga. He from  Asita, the son of VaarShagaNa. He from Harita Kaashyapa. He from Shilpa Kaashyapa. This one from Kaashyapa, the son of Nidhruva. He from Vaac. She from AambhiNi. She from the sun. These white Yajuses received from the sun are explained by Yaajnavalkya Vaajasaneya.  VI-v-4: The same up to the son of Saamjiivii. The son of Saamjiivii from MaaNDuukaayani. MaaNDuukaayani from MaaNDavya. MaaNDavya from Kautsa. Kautsa from Maahitthi. He from VaamakakShaayana. He from Vaatsya. Vatsya from ShaaNDilya. ShaaNDilya from Kushri. Kushri from Yajnavacas, the son of Raajastamba. He from Tura, the son of
KaavaShii/aa. He from Prajaapati (HiraNyagarbha). Prajaapati through his relation to Brahman (the Vedas). Brahman is self-born. Salutation to Brahman.


 

 

I.                    Generations 53th-25th is the same as in the ShB list, 25th is V‚rk‚runÓputra (I). The 24th is P‚r‚sharÓputra. The BAU list gives a second V‚rk‚runÓputra (18th position of its own
list), not mentioned in the ShB as also not the names following him, save for the first one P‚r‚sharÓputra. There is some discrepancy, which indicates mostly a gap in lists.
Most probably being a new line of teachers attached to the BAU development was given to fill the gap and development from ShB to BAU, which makes sense:

18. P‚rasharÓputra from (V‚rk‚runÓputra II),
17. V‚tsÓputra from P‚rasharÓputra,
16. P‚rasharÓputra from V‚tsÓputra,
15. Bh‚radv‚jÓputra from P‚rasharÓputra,
14. GautamÓputra from Bh‚radv‚jÓputra,
13. ¬treyÓputra from GautamÓputra,
12. K‚pÓputra from ¬treyÓputra,
11. K‚nvÓputra from K‚pÓputra,
10. ¬lambÓputra and Vaiy‚ghrapadÓputra from K‚nvÓputra,
09. KaushikÓputra from ¬lambÓputra and Vaiy‚ghrapadÓputra,
08. K‚ty‚yanÓputra from KaushikÓputra,
07. P‚r‚sharÓputra from K‚ty‚yanÓputra,
06. AupasvatÓputra from P‚r‚sharÓputra,
05. P‚r‚sharÓputra from AupasvatÓputra,
04. Bh‚radv‚jÓputra from P‚r‚sharÓputra,
03. GotamÓputra from Bh‚radv‚jÓputra,
02. K‚ty‚yanÓputra from GotamÓputra,
01. Pautim‚shÓputra from K‚ty‚yanÓputra,
00. VAYAM or last BAU teachers

birth of Buddha



Adding 18 x 20-30 years of the extra teachers in BAU covers a period
of 360-540 years.
Supposing that the lower limit of the BAU is 500 BCE, as the BAU is
pre-Bauddha, we could place Tura Kaavasheya in 1040-1560 plus 360-540
years = ca. 1400-2100 BCE. The RV period we have to place before this
estimated date.

Leaving aside the estimated time, it is clear that, in the entire interval between end of RV and birth of Buddha, women (as mothers and perhaps also their teachers) had a special place, being honoured in a long line of names of their sons. Perhaps unique in the world, at least being mentioned for such a long period.



We have later also ShaatakarNi kings having metronymics in the time
of Shakas and Kushanas: the Gautamiiputras, VaasiShThiiputras, etc.


regards,
Ishwa

 






 

 

Contact Us   l   About Us   l   Activities   l   Contact Us   l   Core Values   l   Newsletter

Copyright ©Kosla Vepa


View My Stats
Google
WWW indicethos.org