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What do we do?
References on Ancient Indian
Clark, William Eugene, The Àryabhatiya of Àryabhata, An
Ancient Indian Work on Mathematics and Astronomy, The
University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois. 1930.
Kay, G. R., Hindu Astronomy, Ancient Science of the
Hindus, Cosmo Publications, New Dehli. India, 1981.
Pingree, David, Jyotihsastra, Astral and Mathematical
Literature, Otto Harrassowitz, Weisbaden, 1981.
Sastri, Pundit Bapu Deva, and Lancelot Wilkinson, The Surya
Siddhánta, or An Ancient System of Hindu Astronomy, Philo
Press, Amsterdam, 1974.
Sen, S. N., and K. S. Shukla, History of Astronomy in India,
Indian National Science Academy, New Dehli, 1985.
Since I first published this page several people have offered
advice and encouragement. Some have asked for further
information. In particular I wish to thank Dr. Vijay Bedekar and
David B. Kelley for encouraging further research. This updated
and expanded page has resulted. Thanks to Ramana Bhamidipati for
his input and suggestions.
this rewriting, Jan. 1, 2001, I still await some answers to the
questions posed below. This may be indicative of the answers. To
date I have found no indication of older accurate astronomical
constants or published indications of modern writers noticing
the accuracy of the data discovered in the Indian sources.
Do you know of any source previously noticing
and publishing the accuracy of Àryabhata's ratio?
Do you know of any older record reflecting
such an accurate astronomic ratio? From India? In Sanskrit?
From other parts of the world?
Do you know of any astronomic record
reflecting such an accurate astronomic ratio prior to the
last two centuries?
When did modern astronomers first arrive at
an astronomic ratio of comparable accuracy?
Larousse Encyclopedia of astronomy, Prometheus
Press, NY 1959
Amateur Astronomy , NewnessBooks, Middlesex
Indian Astronomy a source Book BV Subbarayappa and
KV Sharma Nehru Center, Bombay, 1985
Bibliography of Sanskrit Works in Astronomy and Mathematics
S N Sen with the research assistance of A K Bag and S R Sarma
(1966) 258 pp. A bibliography of source materials indispensable
for the study of history of astronomy and mathematics in ancient
and medieval India.
Rs.20/= US $ 5/=
Eds. S N Sen and
K S Shukla
S N Sen and A K Bag (1983) 293pp. The
Sulbasutras are the manuals for the
construction of altars for
fire-sacrifices, an ancient cult fully
established in the time of Samhitas. The
origin of mathematics in India lies
embedded in these ancient priestly
practices. The book presents the
critical texts and translation of four
Rs.85/= US $.30/=
Aryabhatiya of Aryabhata (Critically
edited with translation and notes)
K S Shukla and K V Sarma (1976) 219 pp.
The volume forms a critical edition of
aryabhatiya based on original
manuscripts and external testimonials
1976) 219 pp.
Rs.21.50 US $.7/=
Aryabhatiya of Aryabhata (with the
commentary of Suryadeva Yajvan)
Ed. K V Sarma (1976) 200pp. The volume
comprises of critical edition of the
Aryabhatiya with the elucidative
commentary of Suryadeva Yajvan (b.1911)
based on original palm leaf manuscripts.
Rs.25/= US $.8/=
* Aryabhatiya of Aryabhata (with the
commentary of Bhaskara & Somesvara)
Ed. K S Shukla (1976) 382 pp. The volume
sets out the critical text of the
Aryabhatiya with the earliest available
commentary on the work by Bhaskara (
A.D. 629 ) as supplemented by a later
Rs.40/= US $.13/=
Vedanga Jyotisa &
Lagadha (in its R K and Yajus
Recensious) (with the
translational notes of Professor
T S Kuppanna Sastry)
Ed. : K V Sarma (1985) 74pp.
Rs.25/= US $.8/=
History of Sciences in India
Eds. D M Bose, S N Sen and B V
Subbarayappa (Reprinted 1989)
Rs.200/= US $.70/=
Aryabhatiya of Aryabhata - An Ancient Work on Mathematics
and Astronomy. Walter E. Clark, Trans. and Ed.
University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois, 1930.
"Aryabhata I." Biographical Dictionary of Mathematicians:
Reference Biographies from the Dictionary of Scientific
Biography. Vol. 1, (150-152). Charles Scribner and Sons:
New York, 1991.
Hayashi, Takao, "Aryabhata's Rule and Table for
Sine-Differences," Historia Mathematica, vol. 24
(1997), pp. 396-406.
Srinivasiengar, C. N. The History of Ancient Indian
Mathematics. The World Press Private LTD: Calcutta,
Suzuki, Jeff. A History of Mathematics. Prentice
Hall: New Jersey, 2002.
Watson, Francis. A Concise History of India. Thames
and Hudson: London, 1974.
/Indian national calendar
Indian Astronomy and Contributions